Ayam/Malaysian Standard

Image Property of SCNA 2021
 (Updated March 2021)

 Link to Google Doc version if you’d like to download it. 

Comb: Single, medium, set firmly and evenly on the head, straight and upright, evenly serrated with five regular and distinct points, the middle points the same length as the width of the blade, moderately arched, the blade should extend well over the back of the head.

Beak: Strong, stout, well curved.

Face: Small, rounded, smooth, fine in texture, free from wrinkle or folds.

Eyes: Round, conspicuous.

Wattles: Medium, round, fine in texture, free from wrinkles or folds.

Ear Lobes: Small, oval, fitting closely to head.

Head: Small, carried back, eyes behind the alignment of the legs. Slightly lower than breast is equally acceptable.

Neck: Medium length, backward arched showing off breast creating an “S” curve, full.

Hackle: Abundant, flowing naturally from front of the neck reaching far back covering both shoulders.

Back: Short, broad

Tail Coverts & Saddle: Slightly curved, sword-shaped hanging over the abdomen and covering back, widely spread, overlapping the tail and lesser sickles.

Tail: Moderately large in length. Carried at 65 degrees from horizontal, lowered as pose enhances. 5 main tail feathers, uniformly tapered in size.

Main Tail: Feathers wide, moderately spread in a neatly overlapping manner, rising above the head, ‘A’ shaped from the rearview.

Main Sickles: Medium to long, strong, firm, broad, sword-shaped, slightly curved.

Lesser Sickles: Well spread, medium-length slightly upright, sword-shaped sickle feathers covered with coverts.

Coverts: Abundant, becoming very broad, flowing well up the tail.

Wings: Large, long, closely folded, carried vertically not quite touching the ground. 

Shoulders and Fronts: Prominent, slightly concealed by the hackle.

Bows: Well rounded.

Coverts: Feathers broad, forming two distinct bars across wings.

Primaries: Moderate width, rather long, completely concealed by secondaries.

Secondaries: Broad, tapering convexly to rear, wing bay well exposed. 

Breast: Highly lifted, well developed, full, carried prominently forward beyond a vertical line drawn from point of beak, broad and well rounded, from head to neck to breast ‘S’ shaped profile. Single & double-breasted types are equally acceptable.

Body & Stern: Body: Upright, full-breasted, short-backed, well developed, muscular, compact. Stern: Fluff, short, abundant.

Legs: Medium to long, widely set, parallel to each other, well proportioned. 

Thighs: Short, stout at the top, and tapering to hocks.

Shanks: Medium, smooth, round, evenly scaled.

Toes: Four, straight, well and evenly spread, evenly scaled.

Appearance: Proud, erect, standing up majestically.


Judges Instructions:

Table presence is very important with the Ayam Serama. In order to fully display type, the bird must present as confident and proud with vertical or lifted wings and a full display of uplifted chest. The bird should be naturally posed in an overall upright manner. Some specimens may present a neck tremor.

When evaluating, a tap on the chest should enhance the bird’s pose. When posed, one can clearly see the characteristics that make up the Ayam; namely, the moderately large tail set at 65 degrees, vertical to forward wings, upright breast, and striking soldier-like appearance. 

Note: A low tail set is not desired structurally. The tail should be lowered from upright by extension of pose to 65 degrees, lowered further as pose enhances. 

This is an upright breed unlike so many breeds developed in America that are horizontal in shape.

Feather Trimming: the “fluff” can be trimmed from these areas only: Under the tail, between the legs, and on the thighs. Both trimmed and untrimmed specimens are equally acceptable.



Comb: Comb foreign to the breed

Single comb falling below the horizontal plane, level with the top of the head.

Single comb with side sprig. Split comb.

Inverted Comb

Legs: Creeper legs

Toes: Other than 4 toes

Tail: Wry tail, squirrel tail

Wings: Horizontal wing

Any visible signs of illness or parasites; mites, lice, pale comb, etc


Comb: Thumb marks. Large combs

Wattles: Large wattles. Wattles with wrinkles or folds

Head: Narrow head, crow head

Back: Long or narrow back

Chest/Breast: Shallow or narrow breast

Legs: Short legs

Color of Male and Female for Tabletop (TT) Judging


PLUMAGE: No color requirement