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- Ayam (Malay) Serama Standard

Ayam (Malaysian) Serama Standard

Parent Category: General Category: SCNA Articles



The main characteristics for the Ayam Serama include: a short back vertical wings, and a very erect, proud stance.


Body: The body must be held upright, with a full breast and short back so that the neck should touch the tail without leaving a gap, but the head should not touch the tail. A well developed and muscular body is desirable with a double breast being very popular in competition. The tail should not bypass the perpendicular line that goes through the legs (no squirrel tail). The body should be strapping and round. When viewed from above the breast should appear larger than the rear portion. When viewed from the side the body appears V-shaped, the chicken should be short in the back and broad in the shoulder portion.


Legs: The legs should be long enough to carry the wings off the ground.


Tail There should be at least 5 main tail feathers, of complementing lengths (they should taper in size neatly) for example there should be no short feathers in between the long feathers. The main tail feathers should overlap slightly and uniformly. The Lesser Side Sickles (soft glossy, shaped feathers that hang on each side of the tail) should be well curved and have a lustrous shine, and slightly concave at the end of the back. The tail should not lean left or right. Both sides of the tail must be equal in feather quantity. The tail should be of medium fullness and not overly fanned or overly tight. From behind, the opening of the tail forms an A shape.


Sickle Feathers: The sickle feathers should be pronounced and situated right at the front of the tail, closest to the neck. They should extend at least one inch above the rest of the tail, they should be stiff, and when the Ayam Serama is relaxed, should be held in the center of the body in an upright position. Soft, floppy sickles or sickles that are too long and curl over are faulty and undesirable.


Wings: The wings on an Ayam Serama are very important to the entire stance of the bird, and must be held in a vertical position when the bird is relaxed. An excited bird must not pull the wings backwards and up, this is poor form and such birds lose points. When excited the Serama should lift its wings forward in front of the legs as though a puppet lifting its arms. The wings should not be too long so as to prevent upright chest carriage or so as to cause a bird to lean forward to accommodate its wings. The perfect length of the wing is to the level of the foot and not dragging the floor. When standing, the wings are vertical but pointing a little towards the back.


Head: This means the head and its attributes, including: comb, wattles, and beak. The head of the Ayam Serama must be held at over 90 degrees, leaned back and lowered down as far as possible, with some birds head position being lower than the top of the breast (this characteristic is very desirable and called by many "the submarine type"). The head of the Serama is small and broad, with a strong curved beak, which should be yellow (if the legs are yellow) or a dark color (if the legs are dark in color). The comb should be relatively small and smooth with 4-6 serrations, which should be neat and fine.


Color: The more beautiful the color and the more shine on the feather the higher the points allocated. Colors that are given preference are reds, golden, lemon/ yellow-buff, black-red, and brown. Less desirable are whites, dirty whites, mottled and grays. Beautiful vivid and bright colored birds are far more likely to gain higher points at a contest. The feather color has to be symmetrical on the Ayam Serama body. The wings and sides of the Ayam Serama will carry the colors distributed symmetrically on both sides.


Feather condition: Ayam Seramas must be beautiful, and so the condition of the feathers plays a big role in their appearance. All feathers should be intact and in good condition with no signs of damage, fading, or wear.


Feather Trimming: the “fluff” can be trimmed from these areas only: Under the tail, between the legs, and on the thighs.


Character and Performance: Performance is defined as how the Ayam Serama is behaving. It should flap its wings, make vocal sounds, lift its legs like a soldier on parade, and have a tremulous neck (the neck shivers when the bird becomes excited). A bird that squats, lacks confidence, style or presence, or remains still for too long is penalized and awarded a low score.


  • Feather Trimming:

Ayam Malay Feather Trim

Feather trimming is now allowed in the areas indicated in the photos. The green arrows indicate areas where it is acceptable to pull out longer feathers on the Malay Serama. The red arrows (and dark blue arrows) indicate the areas where it is acceptable to trim or thin the fluffy/downy feathers on the Malay Serama.

Feather trimming is ONLY allowed on birds entered in Malay classes at SCNA sanctioned table-top shows.

 Any form of feather trimming for Seramas entered in American Serama classes at ABA shows or Seramas entered in Traditional Serama classes at SCNA table-top shows will continue to be an automatic disqualification from the show.

This new rule is in effect as of August 1, 2014.

SCNA Governing Council


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